A geographic information system (GIS) is a computer system for capturing, storing, checking, and displaying data related to positions on Earth’s surface. GIS can show many different kinds of data on one map. This enables people to more easily see, analyze, and understand patterns and relationships.
In the strictest sense, a GIS is a computer system capable of assembling, storing, manipulating and displaying geographically referenced information, i.e. data identified according to their locations. A GIS makes it possible to link, or integrate information that is difficult to associate through any other means. Thus, a GIS is able to use combinations of mapped variables to build and analyze new variables. Presenting data in the form of a map helps to understand the significance of where, when, and by whom.
GIS represents data on a map using points, lines, and polygons. Features that can be represented as points include schools, hospitals, and points of interest (POI). Streets and rivers are usually represented using lines; districts, towns and villages are depicted using polygons. GIS is designed to capture, store, manage, integrate, and manipulate various layers of data, allowing the user to visualize and analyze the data in a spatial environment.
Monitoring & Evaluation and GIS have a fundamental difference: M&E is temporally focused on measuring changes and outcomes occurring over time and GIS is spatially oriented – identifying where the outcomes are occurring. Our work is to emerge these two different application into one tool that will that will help to display useful information in support of a successful outcome for the project.
The use of GIS in monitoring and Evaluation improves the effectiveness and communications of results to management, funding partners and beneficiaries. The integration of GIS in monitoring and Evaluation makes it possible to link, or integrate information that is difficult to associate through any other means. With GIS M&E/Researchers are able to use combinations of mapped variables to build and analyze new variables. Presenting data in the form of a map helps to understand the significance of where, when, and by whom.
At Maarifa Consult Ltd,
- We train our clients in understanding and integration of GIS into M&E system
- Using and working with GIS in your organisation
- Choosing the best software that suits your organisation